House committee prepares to vote on historic slavery reparations bill that could see 40 million black descendants receive trillions in government payments
- The House Judiciary Committee is set to vote Wednesday on the reparations bill, H.R. 40
- It aims to establish a 13-person commission to study whether the descendants of slaves should receive compensation from the U.S. government
- An estimated 40 million black Americans could receive some sort of payment to the tune of trillions of dollars
- President Joe Biden reiterated his support for the legislation during a meeting Tuesday with the Congressional Black Caucus
- If the bill makes it out of committee there’s no guarantee it will receive a vote on the House floor and less of a chance it will receive attention in the Senate
The House Judiciary Committee is set to vote Wednesday on the reparations bill, H.R. 40, which aims to establish a 13-person commission to study whether the descendants of slaves should receive compensation from the U.S. government.
An estimated 40 million black Americans could receive some sort of payment to the tune of trillions of dollars.
The move comes a day after President Joe Biden reiterated his support for the study during a meeting with leaders of the Congressional Black Caucus.
Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee is the primary sponsor of the reparations bill that is expected to get a vote in the Judiciary Committee on Wednesday
Judiciary Committee Chairman Jerry Nadler presides over a markup session on Wednesday that includes H.R. 40, which creates a commission that would study giving reparations to the descendants of slaves
Wednesday’s Judiciary Committee vote would be the first time a reparations bill gets marked up and voted on. The resolution to study reparations was first introduced by the now late Rep. John Conyers in 1989
WHO WOULD BE ON THE COMMISSION?
A. Three members shall be appointed by the President.
B. Three members shall be appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
C. One member shall be appointed by the President pro tempore of the Senate.
D. Six members shall be selected from the major civil society and reparations organizations that have historically championed the cause of reparatory justice.
‘We did bring up the issue of reparations,’ Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee, the resolution’s primary sponsor, told reporters outside the White House Tuesday at the conclusion of the meeting. ‘We have heard not only from the president, but the White House and his team, that he is committed to this concept.’
‘We are grateful for that,’ she added.
Lee noted that Wednesday’s vote will be the first time the reparations bill will be marked up and potentially make it through committee.
There’s no guarantee the legislation will make it to the House floor – or would survive that vote, as the Democrats hold an extremely narrow majority.
There’s even less of a chance it would make it through the Senate, as 10 Republicans would need to sign on to make it filibuster-proof.
The resolution to study reparations was first introduced by the now late Rep. John Conyers in 1989 and was named after the ’40 acres and a mule’ that freed black Americans had been promised, but the federal government didn’t act on.
In a House Judiciary subcommittee hearing on the bill in February, witnesses provided the historical context for reparations – pointing out that government had paid them before.
Kathy Masaoka, co-chair of the Nikkei for Civil Rights & Redress, spoke of the reparations given to interned Japanese Americans, and also noted that the commission hearings – which H.R. 40 would green light – helped the healing process in the community.
North Carolina Democratic Rep. Deborah Ross spoke about how her state paid out reparations to those who were forcibly sterilized by the government.
‘I don’t believe that this particular resolution prescribes a way of going forward, but it’s a conversation about what we need to do,’ Ross said. ‘And just as we did in North Carolina, when we passed a bill compensating people for forced sterilization, a terrible, terrible chapter in our history.’
More recently, Evanston, Illinois became the first city in the country to approve a reparations plan to help black resident who were hurt by the municipality’s housing laws.
The plan has a narrow scope and would give $25,000 in grants to black residents or their descendants who lived in the city from 1919 to 1969 and suffered from housing discrimination.
Residents who suffered housing discrimination after 1969 at the hands of the city are also eligible for the money.
The money can be used to help buy a home, pay down a mortgage or for home improvements.
In 2019, Evanston approved a $10 million reparations fund, with the money coming from legal cannabis sales. An initial $400,000 was set aside for the housing reparations.
Republican witnesses at the February hearing argued it could be difficult to figure out a scope of who would benefit.
‘Where would the money from from? Does it come from all the other races except the black taxpayers? Who is black? What percentage of black must you be to receive reparations? Do you go to 23andMe or a DNA test to determine the percentage of blackness?’ asked former National Football League player Herschel Walker, one of the GOP witnesses.